ECU (Electronic Control Unit) An automotive electronics module that contains an embedded system.Today's vehicles may have 75 or more ECUs that control just about everything, including the operation of the engine, transmission, doors, windows, airbags and the user interface. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! The silver écu was further broken down into a ​1⁄8 value coin (huitième d'écu), a ​1⁄4 value coin (the quart d'écu) and a ​1⁄2 value coin (the demi-écu). ‘For example, the Pesca programme spent 12 million ecus in Brittany between 1994 and 1999, on actions to promote processing, to improve the quality of fish products, or to train or retrain sailors.’ Coins In History, John Porteous, page 182. Enrich your vocabulary with the French Definition dictionary The term écu (French pronunciation: ​[eky]) or crown[1] may refer to one of several French coins. 22.5 sous) for the écu. spent vast quantities of these coins subsidizing his allies in the Netherlands at the outset of the Hundred Years' War, and this coin was widely copied in the Netherlands. [7] The écu design continued, essentially unchanged, on French gold coins until 1640 when the louis d’or replaced it.[8]. Coins in History, John Porteous, page 164. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? ECU; Etymology . [French, from Old French escu, from Latin scūtum, shield (from the shield stamped on the coin); see skei- in Indo-European roots.] [11] From 1690 to 1725 rates were unstable and new écus were issued, and existing écus revalued. “Ecu.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ecu. The types of quarter and eighth écus d'argent paralleled those of the écu d’or, with the royal arms on the obverse and a cross on the reverse. [5], Charles VI ended the practice of frequently changing gold coin designs (but not that of tampering with their weight and value) with his écu à la couronne in 1385. ECU is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary The word is related to scudo and escudo. Middle French, literally, shield, from Old French escu, from Latin scutum; from the device of a shield on the coin — more at esquire, European Currency Unit (influenced by French écu ecu). Meaning of French écu as a finance term. Translations The term écu (French pronunciation: ​ [eky]) or crown may refer to one of several French coins. Venice and Florence had already shown that there was demand for larger silver and gold coins and in 1266 Louis IX sought an advantage for the royal coinage by expanding it in these areas. 'East Carolina University' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. This still did not give France a coin which could compete with the thalers which were popular in Germany. The term écu may refer to one of several French coins. Écu (from Latin scutum) means shield, and the coin was so called because its design included the coat of arms of France. the Pirate. Noun . English Department Go English! Moreover, French coins were still made by hand, so precious metal could be illegally shaved from the edges of the coins before passing them on. Philip IV[VI?] Top ECU acronym definition related to defence: European Currency Unit Coins In History, John Porteous, page 210. 3 livres tournois, in 1577. This is a little curious, since the just discontinued écu d’or was now valued at more than 5 livres, and the old hammered silver quarter écu was struck until 1646 and valued at 1 livre. Pronunciation IPA : /eɪˈkuː/ Noun . All Free. "shield, coat of arms," also the name of a coin with three fleur-de-lys stamped on it as on the shield, formerly escut, from Latin scutum "shield" (see escutcheon).First issued by Louis IX (1226-1270); so called because the shield of France was imprinted on them. English Alternative forms . Finally, the écu d’or was made of 23 carat gold, which was not the international standard. 1 ecu per tonne of bulk goods and 2 ecus per tonne of processed goods per week in the case of warehousing costs; 1 écu par tonne de produits en vrac et 2 écus par tonne de produits conditionnés, par semaine, pour les frais de magasinage, How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? Delivered to your inbox! Borrowed from French écu. Coins In History, John Porteous, page 89. Here at the ECU Department of English, we are a vibrant and energetic collection of teachers, scholars, researchers, and writers. All had the king's bust on the obverse and the royal coat of arms on the reverse. East Carolina University chapter sponsors leadership forum Taylor has used ECU control systems on many of its gen-sets for more than two decades "with very little problem," according to Tommy Smith, director of manufacturing at Taylor Power Systems. ECU - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. It failed again, Louis IX’s silver coins were a great success but his gold was not accepted at this rate and his successor discontinued gold coinage. [3] His gold écu d'or showed a shield strewn with fleur-de-lis, which was the coat of arms of the kings of France at the time. Information and translations of ECU in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. ECU: Edith Cowan University: ECU: Ecuador (ISO Country code) ECU: East Central University (Ada, OK) ECU: European Currency Unit (former monetary unit) ECU What does ECU stand for in English? Meaning of ECU. For the European Community monetary unit, see. écu (plural écus) A silver coin formerly used in France, with varying values. [9] Royal coins struck at mints in Navarre and Béarn added local heraldry to the fleur-de-lis of France. cus (ā-kyo͞o′) Any of various old French coins, especially a silver five-franc piece. After 1726 the final écu remained stable at six livres tournois]. With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for écu and thousands of other words. In 1641 he introduced a thaler-sized silver coin originally called a Louis d’argent and valued at 3 livres tournois. Over the years, French kings had granted numerous nobles and bishops the right to strike coins and their “feudal” coinages competed with the royal coinage. This is again named after the shield on the obverse, which now has a crown above it and the modern coat of arms of the kings of France with three fleur-de-lis. Find out what is the full meaning of ECU on Abbreviations.com! The government of the child Charles VI abandoned his father's sound money policy by replacing his gold franc à cheval. These coins were generally named for their obverse design, and the écu a la chaise which Philip VI introduced in 1337 showed a shield with the coat of arms of the kings of France beside the seated king. Doublet of scutum, escudo, scudo, and scute. 20 sous, for the franc to 22 sous 6 deniers (i.e. ecu (plural ecus) The European Currency Unit (symbol ₠), a currency used in the European Community before the euro. cus Any of various old French coins, especially a silver five-franc piece. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. For more on the 17th-18th centuries currency system, see Louis d'or, livre tournois and Italian scudo. From the initial letters of European currency unit. The first écu was a gold coin (the écu d'or) minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. Definition of ECU in the Definitions.net dictionary. Louis XIII fixed all this. [6], In 1475, Louis XI created a variant of the écu à la couronne called an écu au soleil because the Sun now appeared above the shield. The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. These coins were valued as if gold was worth only 10 times as much as silver, an unrealistic ratio which Edward III of England had unsuccessfully tried to use. In 1515 the écu au soleil was valued at 36¾ sous, but this was increased to 45 sous by 1547 even though its weight and fineness had been decreased in 1519. [citation needed], This article is about the type of French coin. An electronic control unit (ECU) 'E' mean (electric) OR (ELCU), also known as an electronic control module (ECM), is an embedded system in automotive electronics that controls one or more of the electrical systems or subsystems in a vehicle. In 1577, Henri III agreed to stabilize the écu d’or at 3 livres tournois and to adopt a new monetary system with prices quoted in écus. bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation English ECU acronym meaning defined here. Looking for online definition of ECU or what ECU stands for? The new écu à la couronne weighed less than the franc but its value was increased from one livre, i.e. the shield carried by a mounted man-at-arms in the Middle Ages. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? He responded by revaluing the écu d’or in stages from 45 sous in 1547 to 60 sous, i.e. The first écu was a gold coin minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. What does ECU mean? The écu, as it existed immediately before the French Revolution, was approximately equivalent (in terms of purchasing power) to 24 euro or 30 U.S. dollars in 2017. You can complete the translation of écu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse ecu n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". Translation for 'écu' in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. East Carolina University, home of the P.D. abbreviation for European Currency Unit: the currency that was used within the European Monetary System before the euro. He installed coinage making machinery in the Paris mint and replaced the écu d’or with the Louis d'or in 1640. The value of the écu varied considerably over time, and silver coins (known as écu d'argent) were also introduced. Charles VI’s father had scored major gains against the English but had passed the cost on to his children. Not only was this a devaluation, but while the franc had been identified with its valuation of one livre the valuation of the écu à la couronne was subject to manipulation. Disclaimer. Gold Coins of the World, Robert Friedberg. écu definition in French dictionary, écu meaning, synonyms, see also 'écru',ec',éculé',écume'. English Translation of “écu” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! (1901). The écu disappeared during the French Revolution, but the 5-franc silver coins minted throughout the 19th century were just a continuation of the old écus, and were often still called écu by French people. Not a particularly good athletic school, but they made it to a tournament this year! What made you want to look up ecu? History and Etymology for ecu Noun (1) Middle French, literally, shield, from Old French escu, from Latin scutum; from the device of a shield on the coin — more at esquire Noun (2) The European Currency Unit (ECU) was the official monetary unit of the European Monetary System (EMS) before it was replaced by the euro. This exacerbated the inflation caused by the increase in the supply of gold and silver, and the Estates General, which met at Blois in 1576, added to the public pressure to stop currency manipulation. The former official monetary unit of the European Union, used to evaluate the exchange rates and reserves of members of the European Monetary System on a common basis and in trading Eurobonds. ECU has a reputation for being a party school. cus [ey-kyooz; French ey-ky]. The ECU was based on the value of several different currencies within the … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The value of … Looking for the definition of ECU? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). ECU definition: European Currency Unit: a former unit of currency based on the composite value of several... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about ecu. Coins of Medieval Europe, Philip Grierson, pages 143, 159, and 176, Coins of Medieval Europe, Philip Grierson, page 144. historical (former French coin) (monnaie médiévale) écu nm nom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". When Louis IX took the throne, France still used small silver deniers, which had circulated since the time of Charlemagne to the exclusion of larger silver or gold coins. Écu (from Latin scutum) means shield, and the coin was so called because its design included the coat of … R. L. in Palgrave, Robert Harry Inglis, ed. Our program offers three degrees: a B.A., and M.A., and a Ph.D., as well as various minors and certificates. 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 260: Definition of French écu in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. Feudal coinages at Bouillon and Sedan, Château-Renaud, and Rethel also struck quarter écus, with their own arms replacing the royal arms.[10]. [4], Philip IV reintroduced gold coinage to France in 1296 and began a sequence of extravagantly designed but rapidly changing types. The Silver Coins of Medieval France, James Roberts, page 341. any of various gold and silver coins of France, issued from the 13th through the 18th centuries, bearing the figure of a shield. For the first time in French history, these coins had a mark of value, with IIII or VIII placed on either side of the shield. ÉCU The European Independent Film festival, modern coat of arms of the kings of France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Écu&oldid=985145203, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 06:58. In the second half of the 1500s gold and silver imported from Spanish America impacted the French economy, but the king of France was not getting much of the new wealth. As part of this system, he introduced quarter and eighth écu coins struck in silver. Learn a new word every day. English words for écu include shield, crown, coat of arms and hawse. This value was associated with the stabilization of the écu d’or at that value in 1577, and the new silver coin came to be called an écu. [2] The first écu was a gold coin (the écu d'or) minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. What is French écu? Translation for 'ecu' in the free English-French dictionary and many other French translations. The process of devaluation continued. Login . Translations in context of "ECU" in English-French from Reverso Context: million ecu, billion ecu, bio ecu, ecu per, mio ecu ecu (n.) old French silver coin, 1704, from French écu, "a shield," also the name of a coin, from Old French escu (12c.) And a Ph.D., as well as various minors and certificates at 3 livres tournois.. Fleur-De-Lis of France, in 1266 issued, and a Ph.D., as well as various minors certificates! For online definition of ECU on Abbreviations.com ​ [ eky ] ) or crown may refer to one of French. 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